How Female Hormonal Changes Contribute to Anxiety

Women are more prone to having anxiety disorder compared to men. This is because of the hormonal changes that women experiences. Some of the hormonal changes periods that can trigger the development of anxiety are puberty, pre-menstrual period, giving birth to a child and premenopausal period. During these times may experience hot flashes, rapid heartbeat, sweating, nervousness, intense fear, insomnia, muscle tension, increased blood pressure, heightened emotion and other anxiety symptoms.

How Hormonal Changes Effect The Brain & Body

Hormones have receptors throughout the brain and have large effect on neurotransmitters in the brain. Neurotransmitters or chemical messengers regulate the thoughts and feelings of a person that passes through one brain cell to another.

When there is a hormonal imbalance, there would be a problem with brain messages that are sent out. Hormonal changes trigger our “fight or flight” response whenever we perceived any danger. Our bodies then releases cortisol and adrenaline that make us more focus on the situation we are in and prepare against in any danger.

When hormone levels fluctuate, it causes physical and psychological stress that can very overwhelming. However, these “fight or flight” reactions are actually harmless. It is our thoughts that convince our minds that these symptoms are dangerous and life- threatening thus, we create an anxiety cycle.

Listed below are few of the anxiety hormones:

  • Progesterone hormones begin to drop when a woman approaches the menopausal stage of her life. This can make her susceptible to any anxiety-related disorders and can even develop panic attacks.
  • Low estrogen can lead to depression, sleep disorders, memory lapses and anxiety. High estrogen can help develop abdominal weight, ovarian cyst, increased premenstrual symptoms and heavy bleeding.
  • Dopamine controls the entire body – heart, muscle control, digestion, ovulation and many more. However, low levels of dopamine can lead to schizophrenia and incoherent thoughts, Parkinson’s disease, and depression while high levels of dopamine can increase anger and aggression.
  • Serotonin plays a vital role for a person to have a god night sleep. Low levels of serotonin disturb a person’s sleeping ability and can also lead to panic disorder. High level of serotonin can lower appetite.

External factors can also help in developing anxiety women. These include stress at home brought by children or by the partner, difficult relationships, stress in budgeting for the family’s consumption, health problems of the family members and the like. Good thing there are several ways to regain or restore the body’s natural equilibrium.

Having healthy lifestyle, nutrition, exercising regularly, eliminating potential food allergens, taking nutritional supplements such as B-complex and omega-3 fatty acids, performing cognitive-behavioral techniques and relaxation techniques are just few of the natural ways you can do for preventing anxiety and panic disorders.

For more information regarding the ways of preventing anxiety from happening because of hormonal changes, there are actually lots of articles which discuss these online. One article on this site which is worth reading is this article on foods that trigger anxiety. Give it a read.

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