Understanding Migraine and its Symptoms

Migraine is said to affect 28 million Americans and most of them is females. This problem resulted in lost of productivity in work, in production or in school. This made people go absent, or unable to finish the job. What exactly is migraine and why are so many people suffering its symptoms?

Migraine is kind of vascular headache that is due to unusual activities like enlargement of blood vessels that causes the pain. The nerves are stretched due to the enlargement and it causes the release of chemicals. The chemicals cause inflammation and thus pain.

Signs and symptoms of migraine are basically pain, nausea and vomiting, relentless throbbing feeling in the head. The duration, intensity, and characteristic vary from one person to another. Basically all these symptoms are due to the sympathetic nervous system activities, triggered by the inflammation. It affects the blood circulation to the extremities resulting to cold hands and feet.

There is no specific cause for migraine. Causes are greatly associated with triggers and that includes allergies, bright lights, loud noises, physical and emotional stress, irregular sleep, smoke exposure or smoking, fasting or drinking alcohol. Menstrual cycle and birth control pills intake triggers migraine. One cause that experts look into are foods that contain tyramine found in red wine or aged cheese, and also other foods like chocolates, avocado, banana etc.

There are actually phases that we can consider during migraine attacks, this could help to identify upcoming attacks and also help in preventing it. The prodrome phase, which occurs days or hours before the headache, described with mood irritability, euphoria, and fatigue. The aura phase is the one immediately happens prior to an attack. Aura can be visual, auditory, gustatory, or olfactory. A person may experience delirium like symptoms. Then the pain phase or headache phase occurs. And the last phase which is postdrome, after the pain resides. When aura occurs, or even prodrome phase occurs, it is better to prepare the medications or relaxation techniques to avoid episodes.

Migraine symptoms vary and it is different to each individual. One thing to keep in mind is to not take it lightly, consult your doctor and have proper diagnosis on your condition. Migraine might be common, but if it causes you to have problems with your daily activities or work, then consulting a specialist would be best.

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