Understanding The Causes of TMJ

Sometimes referred to as myofacial pain dysfunction and Costen’s syndrome, temporomandibular joint (TMJ) disorders are complex problems of the jawbones. Because joints and muscles work together, a problem with either one can cause headaches, ear pain, stiffness, malocclusion (bite problems), locked jaws, or clicking sounds. As you can see, there are several causes of TMJ disorder.

The following are conditions that can lead to TMJ disorders:

Trauma to the jaws

Previous fractures in the jaw or facial bones can lead to TMJ disorders. Fractures may have been inflicted through different ways, like sports, accidents, or even bar fights.

Teeth grinding and teeth clenching (bruxism)

Unless they are told by someone observing this pattern while sleeping or by a dental expert noticing telltale signs of gradual deterioration on the teeth, those who grind or clench their teeth may be unaware of this behavior.

Teeth grinding and teeth clenching accelerate the wear and tear on the cartilage lining of the TMJ, adding pressure to the surrounding tissues and bone structure. It annoys many people.

Dental problems and misalignment of the teeth (malocclusion)

Difficulty finding a comfortable bite or that the way their teeth fit properly together is usually a major burden for patients. Chewing on only one side of the jaw can be a result of or lead to TMJ woes.

Rising up in the morning with jaw or ear pain

It’s one of the worst things to greet you before breakfast. Most patients wake up earlier than they need or want to because something’s bugging their ears.

Habitual gum chewing or fingernail biting

The human jaw can only chew so much. Subjecting it to a constant chewfest might do more harm than good. Making that fingernail shorter or look good, on the other hand, is better left to the proper metal apparatus.


People who are stressed either consciously or unconsciously grind and clench their teeth. Unreleased and pent up energy not only causes bad mood, it also affects the person’s physical well-being.

Occupational tasks

Holding the telephone between the head and shoulder may contribute to TMJ disorders. It strains neck fibers and muscles, making it stiff, and giving the person that queasy feeling.

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